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Unit type Core
Unit level 4
Credit value 15
The overall aim of this unit is to introduce the fundamentals of management accounting which apply to the wider business environment and the organisations which operate within that environment. Students will explore how management accounting uses financial data to aid planning decisions, and the monitoring and control of finance within organisations.
By the end of this unit a student will be able to:
1 Demonstrate an understanding of management accounting systems.
2 Apply a range of management accounting techniques.
3 Explain the use of planning tools used in management accounting.
4 Compare ways in which organisations could use management accounting to respond to financial problems.
Introduction to management accounting:
What is management accounting? Definition of management accounting. What is a management accounting system?
Why is it important to integrate these within an organisation? Explore the origin, role and principles of management accounting. The distinction between management and financial accounting.
Different types of management accounting systems:
Cost-accounting systems, inventory management systems, job-costing systems and price-optimising systems.
Benefits of different types of systems.
Presenting financial information:
Why information should be relevant to the user, reliable, up to date and accurate.
Why the way in which the information is presented must be understandable. Different types of managerial accounting reports.
What is meant by cost? Different costs and cost analysis. Cost-volume profit, flexible budgeting and cost variances. Applying absorption and marginal costing.
Fixed and variable costs, cost allocation.
Normal and standard costing, activity-based costing and the role of costing in setting price.
Cost of inventory:
Definition and meaning of inventory costs and different types of inventory costs. The benefits of reducing inventory costs to an organisation.
Valuation methods. Cost variances.
Using budgets for planning and control:
Preparing a budget.
Different types of budgets e.g. capital and operating. Alternative methods of budgeting.
Behavioural implications of budgets.
How do competitors determine their prices? Supply and demand considerations.
Common costing systems:
Actual costing, normal costing and standard costing systems.
How cost systems differ depending on the costing activity: job costing, process costing, batch costing and contract costing.
Applying PEST, SWOT, balance scorecard or Porter’s Five Forces analysis to the financial position of an organisation.
Identifying financial problems:
Using benchmarks, key performance indicators (financial and non-financial) and budgetary targets to identify variances and problems.
Definitions of financial governance, and how this can be used to pre-empt or prevent financial problems.
Using financial governance to monitor strategy.
Management accounting skill sets:
What are the characteristics of an effective management accountant? How can these skills be used to prevent and/or deal with problems?
Effective strategies and systems:
The development of strategies and systems which require effective and timely reporting, full disclosure of financial positions and are responsibly owned and governed.
LO1 Demonstrate an understanding of management accounting systems
P1 Explain management accounting and give the essential requirements of different types of management accounting systems.
P2 Explain different methods used for management accounting reporting.
M1 Evaluate the benefits of management accounting systems and their application within an organisational context.
D1 Critically evaluate how management accounting systems and management accounting reporting is integrated within organisational processes.
LO2 Apply a range of management accounting
P3 Calculate costs using
M2 Accurately apply a
D2 Produce financial
appropriate techniques of
range of management
reports that accurately
cost analysis to prepare
apply and interpret data
an income statement
and produce appropriate
for a range of business
using marginal and
LO3 Explain the use of planning tools used in management accounting
P4 Explain the advantages and disadvantages of different types of planning tools used for budgetary control.
M3 Analyse the use of different planning tools and their application for preparing budgets and forecasts.
LO3 and LO4
D3 Evaluate how planning tools for accounting respond appropriately to solving financial problems to lead organisations to sustainable success.
LO4 Compare ways in which organisations could use management accounting to respond to financial problems
P5 Compare how organisations are adapting management accounting systems to respond to financial problems.
M4 Analyse how, in responding to financial problems, management accounting can lead organisations to sustainable success.
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